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MAP Mission
MAP was developed to meet the growing needs of police related employees in the area of collective bargaining, to provide due process for our law enforcement members, and to promote the advancement of police labor issues that were not being met by other police labor groups. Joseph Andalina, a 26-year police veteran with more than 35 years experience in the police labor field, originally conceived and established MAP in the early 1980’s. Over the years, it has now, with its staff, board and attorneys, risen to a premier labor union in Illinois.


U.S. Supreme Court Affirms that Collective Bargaining Agreements Must be Interpreted According to “Ordinary Principles of Contract Law”

Foster Swift Collins Smith PC USA
March 12 2018

In a recent opinion, the U.S. Supreme Court emphatically reaffirmed the requirement that collective bargaining agreements (“CBAs”) must be interpreted according to “ordinary principles of contract law” when deciding whether retired employees are entitled to health care benefits. CNH Industrial N.V. v. Reese, No. 17-515, 2018 WL 942419 (U.S. Feb. 20, 2018). The Supreme Court once again rejected the analysis used by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (including federal courts in Michigan) that placed a “thumb on the scale” in favor of holding that CBAs provided lifetime health care benefits to retirees. The result is that employers in Michigan will now have greater certainty in negotiating and modifying the terms of health care benefits provided to their employees and retirees under CBAs.

Background of the Case

The case involved a dispute over union retiree health benefits. In 1998, CNH entered into a CBA which provided group health care benefits to certain employees set to retire under the company’s pension plan. After the CBA expired, a class of CNH retirees and surviving spouses initiated a lawsuit in federal court asking for declaratory judgment that they were entitled to health care benefits for life and seeking to enjoin CNH from modifying those benefits.

While the case was pending, the U.S. Supreme Court decided M SmitG Polymers USA, LLC v. Tackett, 135 S. Ct. 926 (2015). In Tackett, the Supreme Court held that CBAs must be interpreted according to ordinary principles of contract law. It also explicitly rejected the analysis used by the Sixth Circuit, which relied on the so-called “Yard-Man inferences.” Under a Yard-Man analysis, which was not used in any other federal circuit, courts in the Sixth Circuit would infer that an employer agreed to provide retirees with lifetime health care benefits unless there was a specific provision in the CBA stating that those benefits had a limited duration or could not be modified. The Supreme Court held that the Yard-Man inferences were inconsistent with ordinary contract princi
ples. After Tackett was decided, the district court ruled in favor of the retirees. The Sixth Circuit affirmed the district court’s holding that the retirees had vested lifetime health care benefits.

The Decision
The Supreme Court unanimously reversed, holding that the Sixth Circuit had failed to follow Tackett’s directive to apply ordinary principles of contract law. Instead, the Sixth Circuit had relied on the Yard-Man inferences to find that CBAs were ambiguous and therefore, extrinsic evidence beyond the contract language could be considered in deciding whether the CBAs provided retirees with lifetime health care benefits. The Supreme Court held that the Sixth Circuit erred by failing to enforce the CBA’s general durational clause to health care benefits (i.e., that the contractual obligation to provide health care benefits ends when the CBA’s term expires). In order to provide lifetime benefits, the parties must include a specific provision to that effect in the CBA. Foster Swift Collins Smith PC
- Richard C. Kraus and Mindi M. Johnson

HB4780 Amends the Peace Officer and Probation Officer Firearm Training Act.

It provides that the fee required for an applicant for a retired law enforcement officer concealed carry certification shall be no more than 20% of the fee required under the Firearm Concealed Carry Act for application or renewal for a concealed carry license.

Please contact your representatives to show your support for HB4780. Here's an article we are running in the August issue of American Police Beat about the most recent murder of one of our law enforcement officers.

This morning NPR on their Morning Edition radio show aired a story on the dramatic increase of unprovoked attacks on law enforcement. There was no text available so all I have to send you is the link to the segment on the radio show. I hope you can tune in. It's well done. Click here http://apbweb.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=dcd3e5ab5e37d1df82eed bad9&id=8799513fe1&e=bea0cb0b7b to listen.

VIDEO: Help Us Fight This Gross Injustice To my fellow officers! Here in New York City, Sgt. Hugh Barry of the 43 Precinct was indicted for Murder 2 by a Bronx grand jury for the shooting death of an emotionally disturbed woman who attacked him with a baseball bat. This is a message from Ed Mullins, president of the NYPD Sergeants Benevolent Association (SBA), who needs all of our help to get justice for Sgt. Barry http://apbweb.us7.listmanage.com/track/clicku
and watch the video the SBA produced to educate the public about the realities of police work and the NYPD's use of force training. Scroll down to see how you can help Hugh Barry. The SBA is a founding member of PubSecAlliance, an online community of police union and association leaders and their members.

Helping Officers in Need

A Tale of Two Chiefs

Judge clears way for police body cameras in New York

Today it's you, tomorrow it's a security guard

Improving economy is a challenge to law enforcement recruitment

When Teachers Face the Task of Fixing Their Retirement Accounts

Dow 20,000 - Have any wonders been revealed?

Pension Plans in Peril

MAP is an organization composed of sworn police officers and other police-related employees who maintain full or part time employment with any state, county, or municipal agency. We have joined together to form a more professional voice in law enforcement.

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Latest News
new president's opinion posted

The Supreme Court's coming decision could put unions past the point of no return

Read article on The Hill website.
I know you've all been preparing for the fact that our Supreme Court could rule that unions enjoying automatic dues collection by the employer and sent to the union is a violation of the employees' rights to free speech. I am sending you an article written by a guy who supports "limited government" - i.e. he wants to privatize everything including public safety. Good to know what your enemy is thinking. If your union is doing anything to prepare for this or influence the Supreme Court (not sure how you do that) please let me know and I will get the word out.

By Michael Reitz
The Hill

Organized labor faces a transformation this year. In February, the Supreme Court will hear arguments in Janus v. AFSCME to decide whether government employees can be fired for refusing to pay union dues. A decision for petitioner Mark Janus could extend right-to-work protections to millions of public employees, and the implications for public policy and national politics are profound.

The case is an inflection point for organized labor, coming after decades of grim news. Union membership as a percentage of U.S. employment has been shrinking for 60 years; only 10.4 percent of workers are members of a union, down from a peak of 35 percent in the 1950s.

Several trends have caused difficulties for labor unions, including automation, globalization and the expansion of right-to-work states, to say nothing of exorbitant union contracts. As a result, unions represent only 6.4 percent of all private sector workers.

In the 1960s, labor leaders sought to retrofit collective bargaining to a sector where competitive market forces are less threatening — the government. Though Franklin D. Roosevelt warned against collective bargaining in the public sector, union’s success in organizing government workers helped slow their decline. Government has been a strong growth sector for unions and today 49 percent of all union members are employed by the government.

Government unions won a major assist from the Supreme Court in the landmark case Abood v. Detroit Board of Education (1977). The court ruled that a public employee could be forced to pay for union representation, even if the money supported causes the employee opposed.

Yet even this model of forced unionism shows strain, brought on by union overreach.

Over time, organized labor has shifted its core function away from serving its members and to consolidating its political power, acting as a financial pipeline for a single political party. As AFSCME 36 of Los Angeles says: “Politics is the union’s business.” Or the Michigan Education Association: “Every education decision is a political decision.”

Political intersectionality led unions, particularly the National Education Association, to embrace causes that have little to do with the workplace. Labor’s shift to politics is the logical result of relying on government employees to sustain membership rolls. Unions are self-motivated to grow government: More government programs lead to more employees who pay more in union dues. But fiscal pressures in states and municipalities have been mounting, particularly related to retiree benefits, and the Great Recession forced many states to make tough choices.

In 2011, Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker famously championed collective bargaining reform. A wave of states enacted right-to-work laws, foretelling the collapse of Hillary Clinton’s Blue Wall. (Clinton’s data analysts could have observed that in every Midwest and Rust Belt state that enacted labor reform, Republicans retained control of the state legislature and every Republican governor won re-election.)

Hoping to grow the pool of public employees, unions stretched Abood beyond recognition by unionizing in-home caregivers who are hired by Medicaid recipients. The effort started on the West Coast in the late-1990s and early 2000s by redefining public employment. “Caregivers are paid through a government program,” went the union logic, “let’s organize them as public employees.” Unions siphoned off hundreds of millions of dollars intended for disabled adults before the Supreme Court held that states cannot force caregivers to pay dues.

The case, Harris v. Quinn (2014), warned of things to come. The court resolved the case on technical grounds without addressing the forced dues question, but an illuminating conversation took place. Both Justice Samuel Alito, writing the majority opinion, and Justice Elena Kagan, writing the dissent, devoted pages of their opinions to Abood. Alito called Abood “questionable” and “troubling,” while Kagan criticized Alito’s critique as “off-base.”

With Janus, the Supreme Court will address Abood directly.

A ruling for Janus will trigger an exodus of union members who held their nose over union politics. We saw this in Michigan; after the state enacted a right-to-work law in 2012, the Michigan Education Association lost 25 percent of its membership.

AFSCME, the union currently collecting dues from Janus, is preparing for the worst. The union told Bloomberg it had conducted 600,000 one-on-one interviews with members. If Janus wins, the union believes 35 percent will stay in “no matter what,” 15 percent will stop paying dues, with the remaining 50 percent “on the fence.”

Nearly five million workers will be affected by the Janus ruling, a fact not lost on the Democratic Party, heavily dependent as it is on union cash and activists. Legislatures in blue states can be expected to test the limits of Janus; some will try to directly subsidize unions with taxpayer funds.

So how will unions respond to the Janus ruling? Faced with a loss of revenue, unions may chose to focus on the needs and interests of members, eschewing partisan politics and far-left causes.

Alternatively, as their conservative-leaning members leave, unions may seek more radical aims, pushing for strikes and work stoppages. Such moves could backfire with lawmakers and the taxpayers, leading to changes in labor law.

A reimagining of the labor movement is called for. The leaders of tomorrow’s labor movement would do well to discard a collectivist, coercive model and instead promote services potential members want while honoring the rights of individuals to make their own choices. Only a few labor leaders see the future with clarity.

Speaking at an Aspen Institute event in 2015, SEIU 775 President David Rolf said, “The legacy model of the American labor movement has now passed its own strategic inflection point where rescue is no longer an option, and we have to begin to plan for what is next.”

Michael Reitz is the executive vice president of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy in Midland, Michigan, a nonprofit group that advocates for limited government.


Printable Form

Will the State Rescue Your Pension?
Who Knows?

Message from Ron: While the situation in East St Louis is extreme, it is a daily news story where the elected officials failed to pay the required contributions to the police and fire pension funds. In this case nothing short of bankruptcy and perhaps dis-incorporation of the city will rectify the problem. In every pension crisis story the common themes are: the city failed to make its share of the pension payments, and the money now needed is crowding out other city services.

In one of Illinois’ poorest communities, two local pension funds are quickly approaching virtual insolvency. East St. Louis’ police and fire pension funds are among the worst funded in the state. And because the city has missed its required pension contribution, East St. Louis’ city revenues are at risk of state garnishment
East St. Louis’ fire pension fund has only 13 cents on hand for every dollar owed in future benefits, according to a 2017 biennial report by the Illinois Department of Insurance, or DOI.
The DOI report shows East St. Louis’ fire pension funding ratio fell more than 10 percentage points from 2012-2016. The city has struggled to make payments toward its fire pension fund with city contributions declining more than 67 percent over the same time period. As noted in a recent Wirepoints analysis, East St. Louis in 2016 contributed only $801,797 to its fire pension fund, far short of the city’s $3,111,226 required contribution, a 74 percent shortfall.

The city’s police pension fund is 38 percent funded. Like the fire pension fund, the city fell short of its required contribution to the police pension fund by 66 percent in 2016.

Murdered Cop Reignites Pension Fight
Message from Ron: This is a well written article from the Dallas Observer, although those for or against police unions may differ.
The mayor and certain council members have taken a hostile approach to resolving the pension underfunding. The name-calling and attacks on fire and police by these elected officials hurts morale and is self-defeating. These same elected officials have withheld pay to first responders for years to the point that the Dallas suburbs and neighboring Fort Worth have gained hundreds of trained professionals from DPD. No one other the mayor and council are to blame for the recruiting crisis and they are the only ones who can fix it.

Barely beneath the surface in the city’s grief over last week’s shootings of two Dallas police officers and a store security guard was bleak bitterness left behind by last year’s ugly battle over the police and fire pension system.

Two days after the death of Dallas police Officer Rogelio Santander, The Dallas Morning News published a letter to the editor from a retired firefighter saying, “I nearly choked on my supper when Mayor Mike Rawlings asked the public ‘to show more respect for police.’

“Where was that respect last year,” letter-writer Phil Ruzicka asked, “when he tried to take over the Dallas Police and Fire Pension? He all but called us greedy thieves and liars.”
Part of my heartbreak in reading that letter was that I had watched the mayor’s first press conference dealing with the shootings last week. I wasn’t there. I saw it on TV. I have spoken to the mayor several times eyeball to eyeball and lots of times on the phone.

I don’t claim to know him well personally, but I do know enough about him to know he wasn’t faking the shock and grief that showed so plainly on his face in that press conference. READ MORE

Politicos Under Pressure: Let's Open Cops' Records
Message from Ron: Each state has different laws about the release of police officer disciplinary records.Each police union has a different perspective on the impact that releasing the records would cause. Having said that, pubic access to police disciplinary records is one of the major targets for police reform activists. The more restrictive the law the more reform activists will argue that there is no transparency.

The city's Bar Association is calling on lawmakers to repeal a decades-old statute shielding police disciplinary records from the public.

The city's broad interpretation of the law, a 1976 civil rights provision known as 50-a, "fuels the mistrust between communities and the NYPD officers pledged to protect them," reads a report issued by the City Bar Association Monday.

"How can it be that those public employees having the most power and authority over peoples' lives are the least accountable?" asked Bob Freeman of the New York State Committee on Open Government.

His is one of 32 civil rights and police reform organizations who are also calling on the law's repeal.

Two years ago, the city reversed a decades-long practice, opting not to release the findings of its disciplinary actions against cops accused of misconduct.

Those records were once available on a clipboard in the NYPD's public information office, but the city determined their release violated 50-a.

Story and great video - teachers - including Republicans - in Arizona talk about why they are striking - low pay, deplorable conditions, and the fact that the students are not getting a good education because of all the cuts. They are saying it's time to raise taxes. Think about using your clout to support these teachers around the country that are demanding proper funding of public education. The massive tax cuts and a determined well financed effort to privatize the public sector is hitting the police hard too and it's only going to get worse unless different groups band together. There's power in numbers as you know. If you support teachers now, they will help you (hopefully) when it's your time. Click on link below to watch the video - although it may not be easy because the New York Times has a pay wall.

Link to story and video online

We Are Republican Teachers Striking in Arizona. It's Time to Raise Taxes.
Video by Leah Varjacques, Taige Jensen and Japhet Weeks Tens of thousands of teachers are walking out of their schools in Arizona on Thursday. Arizona is the latest conservative state with protesters demanding an increase in teacher salaries and more resources for students. In this video op-ed, four conservative teachers lament the conditions in their classrooms and, in turn, wrestle with their political beliefs.
"I'm a die-hard Republican, and I'm dying inside," says Allison Ryal-Bagley, an elementary school substitute teacher. "Republicans aren't taking care of our kids."
Over the last decade, Arizona has had the greatest decrease in per-student spending in the country - a 36.6 percent drop since 2008 - making it 48th in the nation. Arizona also ranks 43rd in teacher pay, at nearly $11,000 less than the national average, according to the National Education Association.
William Kimsey, who teaches English, is fed up and is moving for a teaching job in Indonesia. Laura Fox, a music teacher, works the late shift at McDonald's to make ends meet. Jenny Bentley Ryan used to work as a Lyft driver to supplement her income teaching science. They are challenging Arizona's Republican governor, Doug Ducey, to increase taxes and give public education the funding it deserves.
— The Editors

Calling all Chiefs, Patrol Officers and
Everyone in Between . . .

This is a Battle We Have to Win: Saving Your Pensions

John Arnold and his wife and the infamous Koch Brothers, who have spent millions of dollars trying to steal your pension. Don’t let them get away with it.

by Cynthia Brown

It’s no secret that there’s a relentless, well-funded attack on your pensions. The people and organizations that are determined, no matter what it takes, to get their greedy hands on your retirement funds have used every tactic in the book to reach their dream of shutting down traditional pension plans and replacing them with 401(k)s. This will impact everyone in the profession - chief down to the officer on the midnight tour answering 911 calls.

The justification for this development? Mostly the bogus argument that states and municipalities face unsustainable pension obligations that will force cuts to essential services and raise taxes if the system is not drastically “reformed.” We think a more accurate word is “destroyed.”

In an excellent article that appeared in The New York Times, Boston University professor David Webber makes the case that the media has mostly taken the crisis claim at face value, while economists and actuaries debate whether there is even a problem. Webber writes:

Since the Great Recession, 49 states have reformed pensions to make them more sustainable, increasing employee contributions and reducing benefits. Wherever one stands on the underfunding question, plenty of options short of converting pensions to 401(k)s exist, including ones that would preserve some collective shareholder voice. But these are rarely considered. Why?

Well, folks, the answer is simple. The motivation is not so much that they’re worried about the fiscal health of your community and that pensions are eating away at that. What they’re really after is control of the funds, so those billions of dollars you earned under contractual agreement doing one of the toughest jobs in our society go into their pockets, not yours.

We highly recommend that you read this article in its entirety. This is one of the biggest issues police unions face and it’s a battle we have to win. Read more on PubSecAlliance:

Controversy Erupts Over Use of Force Policy

Ken Crane, president of the Phoenix Law Enforcement Association, has raised numerous objections to new use of force policies. Click the image above to watch the video.

It seems like every law enforcement agency is grappling with changes in use-of-force policies, which are too often implemented by people that are not familiar at all with the complicated, risky, and high-pressure world of law enforcement, especially when it comes to the use of deadly force.

The press conference you are about to watch was convened by Ken Crane, president of the Phoenix Law Enforcement Association (PLEA), flanked by some of Arizona’s most powerful law enforcement officials. Ken builds his case, detail by detail, and powerfully proves the action taken against this officer is wrong. Every police association in the country is dealing with these kinds of situations and we thought you might get some good ideas seeing what Ken Crane and his folks at PLEA did to fight back. You can read the story below the video.

Phoenix Police Chief Jeri Williams is having trouble defending new and confusing use-of-force policies that are causing a morale problem for officers.

The Phoenix Law Enforcement Association (PLEA) held a news conference recently regarding that topic.

PLEA is defending a Phoenix police officer involved in a 2015 shooting. PLEA is also criticizing how Phoenix Police Chief Jeri Williams handled the case.

“Police managers will often take the politically safe route when it comes to police use of force matters,” said Ken Crane, president of PLEA. “This means the men and women who daily man the front lines are sometimes sacrificed for the benefit of the politically correct decision.”

PLEA’s concerns date back to a Dec. 26, 2015, incident, when a suspect throwing bricks at a police car and precinct substation died in an officer-involved shooting.

It happened in the area of 39th Avenue and Cactus Road just before noon.

On that day, an officer was leaving the precinct when the man threw a rock or brick at his patrol car.

While the officer was calling dispatch, the man threw additional bricks, breaking a precinct door, police said.

Officers in the building managed to leave and approach the man.

“An officer and a sergeant had to contend with an unstable, uncontained violent subject,” Crane said.

“The suspect was still holding rocks/bricks and was refusing to stop, drop the objects, or obey any police direction,” Phoenix police Sgt. Jonathan Howard said at the time.

The suspect then reportedly threw a large rock or brick at one of the officers. It glanced off a tree and hit the officer in the hand.

The officer fired, striking the suspect. The suspect was taken to the hospital in critical condition and later died. He was identified as 41-year-old Lonnie Niesen.

The incident was investigated, but the officer who fired the gun was cleared.

“The officer was cleared by the Maricopa County Attorney’s Office of any wrongdoing,” said Crane.

But 15 months later, a police department Use of Force Board reviewed the incident and recommended that the force be designated “out of policy.”

At the time, Phoenix Police chief Jeri Williams went with the recommendation of the board.

“This raises a question,” said Crane. “How did the officer go from hero to zero in 15 months?”

PLEA’s website states what they say happened next:
“PLEA intervened and asked for a meeting and she agreed. Chief Williams came to the PLEA office and we thoroughly briefed her on all aspects of the case. She agreed to give it a re-look and get back with us. PLEA received an email from her on July 28, 2017. Chief Williams indicated she would not reverse the Use of Force Board recommendation. By our count we brought the subject up for discussion on three occasions over a time period of several months."


What Peace Officers Should Do When Being Recorded in Public

1.) React Without Reaction: What Peace Officers Should Do When Being Recorded
The number of viral videos of police encounters has skyrocketed in recent years, bringing with it national scrutiny about officer conduct and agency policies. Some of these videos have...
https://inpublicsafety.com/2018/02/react-without-reaction-what-officers-should-do-when-being-recorded (In Public Safety, American Military University)

2.) In Full View: An Update on the Right to Photograph and Record in Public

The Rights and Limitations of the Public to Record Peace Officers: A Policing Perspective - 12 Tips to Share With Peace Officers Before Filming Makes Them "Stars" http://www.ourdigitalmags.com/publication/?i=292106&article_id=2409258&view=articleBrowser&ver=html5#{"issue_id":292106,"view":"articleBrowser","article_id":"2409258"} (Sheriff and Deputy Magazine, National Sheriffs' Association)

3.) Training: Media Relations and Social Media Strategies for Law Enforcement Seminar
°Thursday, March 8, 2018 at the LAPD Academy
° Registration information: https://poalac.org/training-course/media-relations-social-media-strategies-law-enforcement/
° A Peace Officers of Los Angeles County (https://poalac.org) Training Seminar

* What works (and what doesn’t!)
* How to handle routine, controversial, and major incidents
* Transparency issues – being open while protecting investigations
* Accuracy issues – pitfalls and corrections
* Social Media strategies – development and implementation * Expert panel discussion – Q&A

* Kate Mather – Reporter, Los Angeles Times
* Chief David Maggard – Los Angeles Airport Police Department
* Cmdr. Michael Parker – Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department (Ret.)
* Josh Rubenstein – PIO, Los Angeles Police Department
* Bill Rams – Cornerstone Communications
* Sergeant Saul Gomez – PIO, California Highway Patrol

If you enjoyed these emails and would like to receive them in your inbox you can signup by clicking HERE.

Should cops be collecting taxes on top of everything else they do?

Peace officers should not be tax collectors
By Molly Davis,
For the Deseret News

Many police executives have claimed that they do not impose quotas on their officers-but if that were true, then why do they oppose legislation banning them?

It has long been rumored that many police agencies operate under a quota system - one in which officers are required by their superiors to issue a specific number of citations. Whether this is true or not has been difficult to prove because, aside from personal testimony and leaked documents, there is little evidence confirming quotas are used by police departments.

It may be that departments don't have an official written policy on quotas, either implementing or banning them. Instead, some quotas could exist in untraceable means such as word of mouth.

Many Utahns' skepticism of police quotas recently received a boost when a former police officer, Eric Moutsos, publicly alleged in a viral Facebook post that his past employer, the Salt Lake City Police Department, regularly relied on quotas as a means of garnering increased funds for their city.

In later conversations, Moutsos disclosed that quotas were repeatedly used as an objective tool for officer evaluation. Officers would be rewarded or punished based on these expected performance metrics. He also indicated that it was virtually impossible to advance in one's career without increasing your numbers, whether it was citations issued or arrests made. According to Moutsos, officers seeking transfer or promotion to better units within the field of police work are often evaluated based heavily on how many citations and arrests they have on their track record. Police departments often contend that this is a matter of measuring productivity and tracking work.

But Moutsos' testimony is not the only evidence of quotas being used in Utah. Leaked emails from the Cottonwood Heights Police Department in 2013 showed that prizes were given out as incentives to officers who reached certain quotas.

Additionally, an audit of the Provo Police Department revealed that "officers felt that they were required to meet a quota of different kinds of traffic violations including, but not limited to, parking, equipment and moving violations." Some officers felt they had been "passed over for promotion and transfer based on the arbitrary requirement of a certain amount of activity in selected patrol categories, most notably traffic enforcement."

Former state Rep. Carl Wimmer, previously a police officer for both West Valley and South Jordan, admitted he "had to write three tickets every day. That was a quota, and they exist."

It's been a decade since the Legislature explored the issue. Neil Hansen, a former Utah House member, sought to ban police quotas in 2008 and again in 2009. Both bills failed, in part due to opposition from police executives across the state. However, the Utah State Fraternal Order of Police has consistently supported banning quotas.

Many police executives have claimed that they do not impose quotas on their officers - but if that were true, then why would some oppose legislation banning them? Others claim quotas should not be banned because they are a good tool for evaluating an officer's performance. But if quotas are as helpful and good as they claim, then why do police departments often try to hide any evidence that they are using quotas?

The arguments against banning quotas simply don't add up. And although some law enforcement executives may be vocal in the fight against banning quotas, many police officers are silent in their support of prohibiting this practice, fearing professional retribution for speaking up.

Most peace officers enter into a career in law enforcement because of a desire to keep their community safe. They signed up to be a peace officer in the truest sense of the word - not a revenue generating robot whose purpose is to boost the city budget.

The Legislature should prohibit quotas in Utah, just as multiple other states have done such as Missouri, Tennessee, Texas and Florida. Tickets will still continue to be given and fines will still be paid. And rather than being stuck chasing drivers down for actions that have not endangered anyone, officers will be freed up to focus on actual threats to public safety.

In a world without quotas, officers would be given the opportunity to fully perform their jobs through proactive policing where they can use their discretion to prioritize public safety without the threat of being punished for not writing a high number of tickets each day. Utahns would better be able to trust that the police officers are patrolling the streets for the purpose of safety, not monetary gain.

Molly Davis is a policy analyst at Libertas Institute.
Click here for full story